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67-69 Camaro Model Information

©1998-2023, Camaro Research Group
Edited by Kurt Sonen
Version: Sunday, 26-Mar-2023 23:30:31 EDT

  1. Differences between the 1967 and 1968 Camaros
  2. 1969 Camaro Design Changes
  3. Rally Sport (RS) Camaros
  4. Super Sport (SS) Camaros
  5. First-generation Camaro Z-28's
  6. L30/M20 and LM1 models   CRG Research Report: 1967-68 L30/M20 and 1969 LM1
  7. Camaro Pace Cars              CRG Research Report: 1969 Pace Cars and Z10's
  8. COPO Camaros                  CRG Research Report: 1969 COPO 427s - ZL1 and L72
  9. ID'ing first-generation high-performance models
  10. Dealer Modified Camaros - Yenko, Baldwin-Motion, Nickey, or ...


Differences between the 1967 and 1968 Camaros

The 1967 model had the same body lines as the 1968 model. There were a few design changes in 1968. The vent windows were eliminated. To replace that airflow, below-dash air vents (Astro-Ventilation) were added to the interior. Sidemarker lights were added to the front fenders and ther rear quarters, a mandate for all 1968 vehicles by the NTSA.

1967 Camaro
1967 Camaro
1968 Camaro
1968 Camaro

There were several other 1968 model changes, but here are some of the more apparent changes:


1969 Camaro Design Changes

While the 1969 hood, roof, and decklid did not change, the body lines were significantly modified at the nose, fenders, quarters, and tailpan, giving the Camaro a more streamlined look. A molded body streak extended from the rear of each wheel opening, adding to the effect.

1969 Camaro RS convertible
1969 Camaro
1969 Camaro SS
1969 Camaro

Other 1969 model changes:


Major option packages

The Camaro could be ordered in either coupe or convertible models with either the base 230ci L6 or the base 327ci (307ci for the later part of 69) V8 engine. There were several optional engines available, along with a slew of interior, exterior, and drivetrain options.

The following summarizes the Rally Sport appearance option and the major performance (L30/LM1, SS, Z28, and COPO) options that were available in 67-69.  

Rally Sport (RS) Camaros

The Rally Sport (RS) option was an appearance package that included hideaway headlights, backup lights under the rear bumper, and special exterior trim. It was available in combination with any other option, including Z28 or SS (thus referred to as a RS/Z28 or a RS/SS) or L6 engines.

1967 Camaro RS/SS
1967 Camaro RS/SS
1968 Camaro RS
1968 Camaro RS

1969 Camaro RS grille
1969 Camaro RS
1969 Camaro RS convertible
1969 Camaro RS


Super Sport (SS) Camaros

The Super Sport (SS) was a performance option that included upgraded suspension, higher-performance engine, louvered SS hood, and SS striping and badging. The base engine for a 67-69 SS was the 350. For 67, the 350 engine was a Camaro exclusive and was rated at 295 hp; it was not available in other carlines until 68. The 68 SS350 kept the 295 hp rating but for 69 it was rated at 300 hp.
Several 396 engines were optional: the L35/325hp, the 68-69 L34/350hp, and the L78/375hp. The L89 aluminum head option was also available on the L78 in 1968 and 1969.

1967 Camaro SS
1967 Camaro SS
1969 Camaro SS
1969 Camaro SS


First-generation Camaro Z28

The Z28 option was created to compete with the Mustang in the Trans-Am road-racing series. All first-generation Z28's were coupes with a 302ci/290HP V8 engine (to keep within the 305ci maximum for the Trans-Am series), a 4-speed manual Muncie transmission, and 12-bolt rear axle. The 290 hp engine power rating was conservative, and in racing trim made in excess of 400HP. Front and rear springs were specially matched, and the package included larger 15-inch wheels and rear bumper guards. Power front disc brakes were required but priced separately. Positraction was recommended but not required. Gauges and spoilers were optional with the 67-69 Z28 until April/May 69 when a tachometer became a required option and spoilers became part of the package.

The Z28 was not available with air conditioning, automatic transmission, or in the convertible body style, although one 1968 Z-28 convertible was built via special order for a GM executive. That car still exists today.

The first year, Z28 had no external badging at all to distinguish it from a base L6-engined car, just the stripes on the hood and decklid. In 1968, a 302 engine emblem was added to the fenders, but in March of 68, the fender engine emblem was replaced with a "Z/28" emblem. In 1969, there were Z/28 emblems all over the car - grille, fenders, tailpan - and 302 emblems on the optional cowl hood.

In 1967 and early 1968 (up to mid-January 1968), a cowl plenum air cleaner and/or headers were available as part of RPO Z28. The cowl plenum air cleaner and the plastic duct were placed in separate boxes in the trunk. If headers were ordered, they were in the trunk as well, along with the trim rings and hub caps for the rally wheels, which made for a pretty full trunk, to say the least! For 69, neither the cowl plenum option nor the header option was available, but in the middle of the model year, the cowl hood became available as did the JL8 four-wheel disc brakes.

1967 Camaro RS/Z28
1967 Camaro RS/Z
1969 Camaro Z28
1969 Camaro Z28


L30/M20 and LM1 models

The 67-68 L30/M20 (327/275hp engine with 4 speed transmission) and the 69 LM1 (350/255hp) were not SS or Z28 models, only optional powertrains over the standard 327 (or 307 in later 69). But both powertrains received upgraded drivetains: 12 bolt axles and (for the LM1 ordered with a 4 speed) Muncie transmissions. Since they have one of the key performance discriminators, the 12 bolt axle, they are often confused as / converted to SS models.

Original documentation and/or the correct engine code, if present, is the most reliable identification tool for either model. But there are some key features to check:

The 67-68 L30/M20 was notable for its use of the cast-iron Saginaw 4-speed, whereas the SS350 used the aluminum-cased Muncie 4-speed transmission. Related to this, the Saginaw transmission speedometer cable exited the case on the side opposite the Muncie, and therefore pierced the firewall on the drivers side of the steering column. The Muncie speedometer cable passes through the firewall on the passenger side of the steering column.
For more details on the L30/M20, see the L30/M20 Research Report.

The 1969 LM1 350 can be more difficult to ascertain, since this model shared many of the same features as the SS350, including two fuel lines, a 12-bolt axle and, if ordered with a 4-speed, a Muncie transmission. The SS350 package included disc brakes and dual exhausts. Lack of either of these features means it originally was a LM1, but, since both were optional on the LM1, the presence of them is inconclusive.
For more details on the LM1, see the LM1 Research Report.


67 and 69 Camaro Pace Cars (and Z10's)

In both 1967 and 1969, the Camaro was chosen as the Pace Car for the famous Indy 500 car race. In both years, two Camaros were special-built to serve as the actual Pace Car for the race (the second was a back-up). There were a number of other Pace Cars replicas that were used in the festival parade and by VIP and visiting press at the race. Along with the two literal Pace Cars and the other Pace Cars in attendance at the race, Chevy offered Pace Car replicas to dealers for sale to the public. Pace Cars, festival cars, and replicas were always RS/SS convertible Camaros, with either 350ci or 396ci engines.

In '67, the color scheme was a white Camaro with blue 'bumble bee' stripe (around the nose), blue deluxe interior, and a white convertible top. The trim tag will indicate either a O-1 or C-1 paint color, a 732-Z interior, and a 4P, 4N, or 4K trim tag code.

1967 Camaro Pace Car
1967 Camaro
1969 Camaro Pace Car and Z10
1969 Camaro Z10 and Pace Car

In '69, the Indy 500 pace car was a white RS/SS with Hugger Orange Z-28-style stripes, cowl-induction hood, special Hugger Orange interior, and a white convertible top. The RPO for the 1969 Pace Car replica was Z11 and on Norwood-built cars, this code is on the cowl tag. Los Angeles-built cars do not have a special code on the cowl tag, but have the unique build combination of 50-A exterior and 720 interior codes. For more details on the 1969 Pace Cars, see the 1969 Pace Car and Z10 Research Report.

There were a limited number of white RS/SS coupes built via the option code Z10 that received the pace car style orange Z28 striping, essentially coupe versions of the pace car. This was a regional promotion for certain southwestern states. While the Z10 was similar to the Z11 Pace Car replica, any color interior could be ordered. There are no production records but between 450 to 500 of the Z10 cars were built at the Norwood plant between 3rd week of April (04C) and 1st week of May (05A). All Z10 cars have a Z10 code on the cowl tag.


COPO Camaros

COPO stands for Central Office Production Order. This is the process used by Chevrolet (and other divisions of GM) for internal orders for limited production of non-standard cars. The COPO process was used most often for police vehicles and trucks modified for specific applications and doesn't necessarily indicate a high-performance vehicle. But in 68 and 69, the process was used to order high-performance Camaros that were otherwise not available from the factory.

  1968 COPO 9737

The use of the COPO system for high-performance Camaros was pioneered by Don Yenko in 1968. COPO 9737 was exclusive to Yenko in 68 and included a L78 396 (with a unique MV engine code), a larger front swaybar, and a 140 MPH speedo. It was not ordered in combination with any other COPO in 68. Yenko swapped 427 shortblocks into most these cars and sold them as 1968 Yenko 427 cars.

  1969 COPOs

For 1969, two COPO versions were built. The ZL-1 used an aluminum 427 block and only 69 of these cars were built. The cast iron version of the 427ci/425hp engine (L72) was the other. Most options were available on either COPO, with the notable exceptions of air conditioning (both were solid lifter engines), JL8 disc brakes (not available with the COPO BE axle), and convertible.

  COPO 9560

1969 Camaro ZL1
1969 Camaro ZL1
COPO 9560 Camaros came from the factory with the ZL-1 aluminum 427ci engine, a HD 4.10 ratio 12-bolt rear-end, HD radiator, cowl induction, special springs, and transistorized ignition. It could be had as either an automatic or a 4-speed manual. Additional options could be ordered. Originally, the plan was to have 50 cars built and shipped to Fred Gibb Chevrolet (dealer/racer). Other dealers got wind of the order and the total build ended up being 69 cars. The original order of 50 was built identically except for exterior paint and transmission. In the supplemental 19 units, there were two Rally Sport cars and two that also had COPO 9737. Here is a complete list of the options ordered with each of the sixty-nine COPO 9560 vehicles.

The COPO 9560 option added $4160 to the price of the car and made them nearly unsellable, with a list price in excess of $7300. Some of the original engines were pulled and a cast-iron big block installed, with the pulled ZL-1's being sold as crate engines for use in racecars. There were ~90 ZL-1 engines produced in '68/'69. 69 of the 90 went into Camaros, 2 went into Corvettes, 2 went into COPO 9567 prototypes, and the rest (~17) were sold as crate engines. There were many more blocks eventually sold as service parts.

Despite lower factory quoted numbers, the ZL-1 factory dyno shows it produces ~575hp at ~6400rpm and ~515 ft-lbs torque at ~5000rpm, in stock form with manifolds.

  COPO 9561

COPO 9561 was basically the same as the 9560 except it got an all-iron 427/425hp (L72) without transistorized ignition. Many dealers found out about this COPO and ordered it. Records were not kept on these as they were for the ZL-1s, but it is believed that 997 iron 427 cars were built in 1969. As opposed to the ZL-1, the L72 was a bargain at under $500, whereas a SS396 L78 was over $600.  

  COPO 9737

The 1969 COPO 9737 required ordering COPO 9560 or 9561 (aluminum or cast-iron 427ci engine), hence creating a so-called "double COPO". 9737 was labeled "sports car conversion" and it added a 140 MPH speedometer, a 13/16-inch diameter stabilizer shaft (increased from the 11/16-inch diameter standard bar), and E70x15 Goodyear Wide Tread GT tires on 15-inch rally wheels. COPO 9737 cars built after May 1969 also received U16 - factory tachometer with a center gas gauge. In 1969, COPO 9737 was ordered by Yenko and also by other dealers, notably Berger, Jack Douglass, and Emmert Chevrolet.

  COPO 9567

As soon as the dealers realized the price of the COPO 9560 (ZL1), they began complaining. GM realized it would have a problem selling more 9560s, which were no-option race cars with a healthy price tag. The COPO 9567 proposal was dreamed up as a response. Vince Piggins and his GM design staff hand-built 2 of these prototypes. COPO 9567 was not an attempt to build a cheaper ZL-1 car, as the proposed price of this model was well beyond the price of a 9560, at $8581.60 for an M21 4-speed car and $8676.60 for a HD M40 equipped car. The 9567 was intended to be a more streetable car, running 11:1 CR as opposed to 12:1. Both 9567 prototypes were Tuxedo Black Rally Sports with special gold striping. While most of the 9560s were plain-jane cars, the 9567s had options like RS, gauges, spoilers, special steering wheel, racing mirrors, gold-lettered tires, etc. The location of either prototype is not known. Unfortunately for posterity, this COPO never made it to production.
For details on the COPO Camaros, see the COPO 427 Research Report.


ID'ing first-generation high-performance models

There are several things to look at to identify how a car was originally equipped. The following are some of the major distinguishing characteristics of the performance options. There are many other clues, both positive and negative. The complete list of identifying features is shown on the following pages:
1967 ID table
1968 ID table
1969 ID table


Dealer Modified Camaros - Yenko, Baldwin-Motion, Nickey, Dana, or ...

There were many dealers throughout the US that modified the Camaro for more performance. It was an obvious choice - a small, light chassis that could hold any current production Chevrolet engine. When the Camaro was first introduced in 67, the hottest engine initially was the 295HP 350ci in the Camaro SS. Some of these performance-oriented dealerships started transplanting more powerful 396ci and 427ci big-block motors into these early Camaros for serious street/strip performance.

Yenko Chevrolet was notable not only for making these modifications but for marketing and distributing them through a network of other dealers. Don Yenko also worked with Chevrolet to use the COPO system to have modifications done in the factory to reduce the labor required by the dealer to modify the cars; most notably having the L72 427ci engines installed thru the COPO system in 69. Yenko production quantities of the "Super Yenko Camaros" are believed to be 54 in 1967, 64 in 1968, and 198 in 1969.

In addition to Yenko, a number of other Chevrolet dealerships, including Dana Chevrolet, Nickey Chevrolet, Scuncio Chevrolet, Berger Chevrolet, and Baldwin Chevrolet (Baldwin-Motion) were doing similar engine transplants into 1967-69 Camaros and most of them also took advantage of COPO 9561 427 when it became available in '69. Several of these dealerships added other performance equipment like headers, high performance clutches with scattershields, suspension modifications, and appearance packages. These dealers were literally offering complete turnkey race-prepped cars for sale to the public through their dealerships.

Any of these cars are very desirable and rare today, especially those with documentation.

More information on Yenkos and other dealer-modified cars is available on the Yenko Sportscar Club web site: http://www.yenko.net/

More information about Balwin-Motion is found at www.motionperformance.com


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